1 Peter Chapter 4

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THIS chapter relates principally to the manner in which those to whom the apostle wrote ought to bear their trials, and to the encouragements to a holy life, notwithstanding their persecutions. He had commenced the subject in the preceding chapter, and had referred them particularly to the example of the Saviour. His great solicitude was, that if they suffered, it should not be for crime, and that their enemies should not be able to bring any well-founded accusation against them. He would have them pure and harmless, patient and submissive; faithful in the performance of their duties, and confidently looking forward to the time when they should be delivered. He exhorts them, therefore, to the following things:

(a.) To arm themselves with the same mind that was in Christ; to consider that the past time of their lives was enough for them to have wrought the will of the flesh, and that now it was their duty to be separate from the wicked world, in whatever light the world might regard their conduct -- remembering that they who calumniated them must soon give account to God, 1 Pet 4:1ff.

(b.) He reminds them that the end of all things was at hand, and that it became them to be sober, and watch unto prayer, 1 Pet 4:7.

(c.) He exhorts them to the exercise of mutual love and hospitality -- virtues eminently useful in a time of persecution and affliction, 1 Pet 4:8, 1 Pet 4:9.

(d.) He exhorts them to a performance of every duty with seriousness of manner, and fidelity -- whether it were in preaching, or in dispensing alms to the poor and needy, 1 Pet 4:10, 1 Pet 4:11.

(e.) He tells them not to think it strange that they were called to pass through fiery trials, nor to suppose that any unusual thing had happened to them; reminds them that they only partook of Christ's sufferings, and that it was to be regarded as a favour if any one suffered as a Christian; and presses upon them the thought that they ought to be careful that none of them suffered for crime, 1 Pet 4:12ff.

(f.) He reminds them that the righteous would be saved with difficulty, and that the wicked would certainly be destroyed; and exhorts them, therefore, to commit the keeping of their souls to a faithful Creator, 1 Pet 4:18, 1 Pet 4:19.


1: Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; edit

2: That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. edit

3: For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries: edit

4: Wherein they think it strange that ye run not with them to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of you: edit

5: Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the dead. edit

6: For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit. edit

7: But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer. edit

8: And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins. edit

9: Use hospitality one to another without grudging. edit

10: As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God. edit

11: If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen. edit

12: Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you: edit

13: But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. edit

14: If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified. edit

15: But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters. edit

16: Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf. edit

17: For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God? edit

18: And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear? edit

19: Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator. edit

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