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Abednego is the Chaldee name given to Azariah, one of Daniel's three companions (Dan 2:49). With Shadrach and Meshach, he was set over the affairs of the province of Babylon, and was later delivered from the burning fiery furnace (Dan 3:12).

The name Abednego is evidently a corruption of Abed Nebo, "Servant of [the Babylonian god] Nebo," a name found (written in both the cuneiform and the Aramaic characters) in an inscription of the seventh century B.C. (Rawlinson, "Inscriptions of Western Asia," iii. 46, col. i. 81 et seq.), and in certain early Syriac documents (Payne-Smith, "Thesaurus"). It is probable that the substitution of Nego (so also all the old versions) for Nebo was intentional, the purpose being to disfigure, or to get rid of, the name of the heathen deity (See Kohler in "Zeitschrift für Assyriologie," iv. 49). Similarly, the name Barnabas appears to be a slightly disguised form of Barnebo, "Son of Nebo".

This entry includes text from the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906.

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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