Death

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may be simply defined as the termination of life. It is represented under a variety of aspects in Scripture:

  1. "The living are conscious that they will die; but as for the dead, they are conscious of nothing at all." (Eccl 9:5).
  2. "The dust shall return to the earth as it was" (Eccl 12:7).
  3. "Thou takest away their breath, they die" (Ps 10429).
  4. It is the dissolution of "our earthly house of this tabernacle" (2Cor 5:1); the "putting off this tabernacle" (2 Pet 1:13, 14).
  5. Being "unclothed" (2Cor 5:3, 4).
  6. "Falling on sleep" (Ps 765; Jer 51:39; Acts 13:36; 2 Pet 3:9.
  7. "I go whence I shall not return" (Job 10:21); "Make me to know mine end" (Ps 394); "to depart" (Phil 1:23).

The grave is represented as "the gates of death" (Job 38:17; Ps 913; 107:18). The gloomy silence of the grave is spoken of under the figure of the "shadow of death" (Jer 2:6).

Death is the effect of sin (Heb 2:14), and not a "debt of nature." It is but once (9:27), universal (Gen 3:19), necessary (Lk 2:28-30). Jesus has by his own death taken away its sting for all his followers (1Cor 15:55-57).

There is a spiritual death in trespasses and sins, i.e., the death of the soul under the power of sin (Rom 8:6; Eph 2:1, 3; Col 2:13).

The "second death" (Rev 2:11) is the everlasting perdition of the wicked (Rev 21:8), and "second" in respect to natural or temporal death.

THE DEATH OF CHRIST is the procuring cause incidentally of all the blessings men enjoy on earth. But specially it is the procuring cause of the actual salvation of all his people, together with all the means that lead thereto. It does not make their salvation merely possible, but certain (Mt 18:11; Rom 5:10; 2Cor 5:21; Gal 1:4; 3:13; Eph 1:7; 2:16; Rom 8:32-35).


This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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