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(Gr. diabolos), a slanderer, the arch-enemy of man's spiritual interest (Job 1:6; Rev 2:10; Zech 3:1). He is called also "the accuser of the brethen" (Rev 12:10).

In Lev 17:7 the word "devil" is the translation of the Hebrew sair, meaning a "goat" or "satyr" (Isa 13:21; Isa 34:14), alluding to the wood-daemons, the objects of idolatrous worship among the heathen.

In Deut 32:17 and Ps 106:37 it is the translation of Hebrew shed, meaning lord, and idol, regarded by the Jews as a "demon," as the word is rendered in the Revised Version.

In the narratives of the Gospels regarding the "casting out of devils" a different Greek word (daimon) is used. In the time of Jesus there were frequent cases of demoniacal possession (Mt 12:25ff; Mk 5:1ff; Lk 4:35; Lk 10:18, etc.).

See also: Demonology

This article needs to be merged with Devil (Catholic Encyclopedia).

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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