Zion

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Meaning: sunny; height

One of the hills on which Jerusalem was built. It was surrounded on all sides, except the north, by deep valleys, that of the Tyropoeon separating it from Moriah, which it surpasses in height by 105 feet. It was the south-eastern hill of Jerusalem.

When David took it from the Jebusites (Josh 15:63; 2 Sam 5:7) he built on it a citadel and a palace, and it became "the city of David" (1 Kg 8:1; 2Kg 19:21, 2Kg 19:31; 1Chr 11:5). David brought the Ark here and made the hill sacred (2 Sam 6:10-12). In the later books of the Old Testament this name was sometimes used (Ps 872; Ps 1492; Isa 33:14; Joel 2:1) to denote Jerusalem in general, and sometimes God's chosen Israel (Ps 5118; Ps 875).

In the New Testament it is used sometimes to denote the Church of God (Heb 12:22), and sometimes the heavenly city (Rev 14:1). (See also Sion



This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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